Logo der Universität Wien

Michal Ruzicka

T: +43 1 4277-22349
E: michal.ruzicka@univie.ac.at



"Exclusion of the Roma (Gypsies) under post-socialism: mechanisms of marginalization, forms of adaptation, and the possibilities of empowerment"

In my current research project I focus on three aspects of the structural marginality of Roma (Gypsies) in contemporary East-Central European societies. While conducting ethnographic and archival research on rural poverty in Eastern Slovakia, I have been focussing, first, on "external" mechanisms of marginalization and on studying conditions which make them possible. Second, I have been studying how members of the Roma communities subjected to exclusion cope with, resist, or adapt to unfavourable external conditions of exclusion and structural disadvantage. These two areas of research I consider to be a necessary precondition for the third area of my research: theorizing and applying of the concept of empowerment to the excluded individuals and communities as a possible weapon for combating forms of longue durée exclusion and social and economic injustice.


• Roma/Gypsy communities in Eastern Europe under post-socialism (and before)
• Urban sociology and (urban) ethnography
• Reproduction of social inequalities and marginality
• Social exclusion and the production of deviance
• Social organization of human body


• Růžička, Michal. 2012. "Continuity or Rupture? Roma/Gypsy Communities in Rural and Urban Environments under Post–Socialism." Journal of Rural Studies 28 (2): 81-88. ISSN: 0743-0167
• Růžička, Michal. 2011. „Time-Space and Infrastructural Aspects of Social Exclusion [IN CZECH WITH ENGLISH RESUMÉ]." Czech Sociological Review 47 (2): 273–295. ISSN 00380288
• Růžička, Michal. 2010. „Urbanization of Poverty and Ethnicity in a (Post-)Socialist City“ [IN CZECH WITH ENGLISH RESUMÉ]." Pp. 137–157 in Slavomíra Ferenčuhová, Lucie Galčanová, Barbora Vacková (eds.). Czechoslovak City Yesterday and Today: Everyday life – Representations - Research. Brno: Masaryk University. ISBN 8021053083
• Růžička, Michal. 2009. "Researching and Politicizing Migration: The Case of Roma/Gypsies in Postsocialist Czecho-Slovakia." Pp 79-103 in Ondrej Hofirek, Radka Klvanova, Michal Nekorjak (eds.). Boundaries in Motion: Rethinking Contemporary Migration Events. Brno: CDK. ISBN 8073251918
• Kalvas, František, Michal Růžička. 2008. "The Role of Interpersonal Communication and Gender in the Agenda-Setting Process." Media studies (Extra issue for Channels of Transition Conference) 3: 278-299. ISSN 1801-9978


• Růžička, Michal. 2011. "The Problem of Cultural Oppositionality of Gypsy Settlements in Eastern Slovakia." Paper at the annual Gypsy Lore Society meeting. Gypsy Lore Society and European Centre for Modern Languages, Graz (Austria): 1. – 3. 9. 2011.
• Růžička, Michal. 2010. "Resistance to Social Change and Ethnicity: The Case of Roma/Gypsies under Post–Socialism." Paper at the workshop Rural Realities in the Post–socialist Space: Understanding Social, Cultural and Political Change in the Russian and Eastern European countryside. University of Glasgow (GB): 12. 11. – 13. 11. 2010.
• Růžička, Michal. 2009. "Patterns of Social Exclusion and Migration: The Case of Roma/Gypsies in Former Czechoslovakia". Paper at the workshop Inequalities and Migration in Post-Communist Societies. Polish Sociological Association and International Sociological Association, Poznań (Poland): 21.9.–22.9.2009.
• Růžička, Michal. 2008. "Effects of Postsocialist Transformation on Roma/Gypsy communities in Eastern Europe". Paper at the workshop Post-Socialist Spaces: Governmentality,Marginalization, and the Production of Difference. The Berkeley-Stanford CityGroup, Berkeley, CA (USA): 12.11.2008.
• Růžička, Michal. 2009. "Tenements for Rent-Defaulters [and Gypsies]: Urbanization of Poverty and Stigma under Postsocialism". Paper at the conference Changing Urban Spaces. Berkeley Journal of Sociology, Berkeley, CA (USA): 13.3.2009.


• 9/2003 – 1/2004: Durham University, UK (Erasmus program)
• 8/2008 – 5/2009: University of California at Berkeley, USA (Fulbright scholar)
• 6/2010 – 7/2010: Jean Monnet Summer School on Social Integration and the Romany Minority in Europe Today: Linking Policy and Research to Work against Poverty, Discrimination and Ethnic Conflict. Central European University. Budapest, Hungary.

Research Centre Human Rights

University of Vienna
Hörlgasse 6
A-1090 Vienna

University of Vienna | Universitätsring 1 | 1010 Vienna | T +43-1-4277-0